Профилактика рахита



In ancient times, rickets was a fairly common disease.Currently, rickets disfiguring a person is very rare.Therefore, when they talk about rickets, most often they mean only some of its manifestations.

Sweating, nervousness, a bald patch on the head, weak muscles, a fontanel that does not close for a long time on the head - all these are formidable symptoms of such a common disease as rickets.According to statistics, 30-40% of children suffer from this disease.Moreover, in sunny India the percentage of sick children is no less than in northern countries, where the sun is a very rare guest.

With classic rickets, the following changes occur in the child's body:

bone growth is disturbed, as a result of which the legs are bent, clubfoot appears;the chest is deformed, the so-called "chicken breast" appears;the shape of the skull changes (frontal and parietal tubercles appear; the bridge of the nose becomes sunken, sometimes it does not seem to exist);tubercles appear on the ribs, which can be easily felt, the so-called "rosary";the shape of the pelvis is disturbed;
very late and not in the usual way, teeth begin to erupt;teeth grow crooked;
loosening of the joints appears due to a decrease in muscle tone;flabby belly;
a child with rickets becomes inactive, he almost does not show interest in the world around him, mostly lies;
children with rickets lag behind not only in physical but also in mental development.
At a monthly check-up, the pediatrician will examine the child.If he finds the first signs of rickets (for example, slight baldness of the back of the head, “beads” on the ribs, decreased muscle tone), he will definitely prescribe treatment.

For the treatment of rickets in infants, it will be necessary to follow the correct daily routine.Massage, gymnastics, air and sun baths, water hardening procedures should take place.You should not take this disease lightly.

The nutrition of children with signs of rickets has a number of features.Cottage cheese, meat and fish dishes are introduced into the child's diet a month earlier than other children.This is necessary so that the child is not deficient in proteins.Fruits and vegetables are also introduced a month earlier than usual.Semolina, on the contrary, is completely excluded.It contains a lot of phytic acid, which binds calcium in the intestines and prevents it from entering the bones, and this contributes to the development of rickets.

For the treatment of rickets, children over 3 months living in the north are prescribed ultraviolet irradiation every other day, 8-10 procedures.For the duration of the course, the vitamin is temporarily canceled.

In order for a child's body to resist such a disease as rickets, he needs good helpers - vitamins.These are calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D. Let's consider the effect of these vitamins on the child's body.

Calcium is needed for the normal functioning of the nervous, muscular and skeletal systems.It gives the baby's bones strength.In addition, calcium affects blood clotting.With a calcium deficiency, the baby develops rickets, the bones are deformed and the skeleton does not develop correctly.Recent studies show a lack of calcium in infancy, not only the children's problem.People who did not experience calcium deficiency in childhood are less likely to get osteoporosis (increased fragility of bones) already in adulthood.

Phosphorus together with calcium provides strength to bones and teeth.Participates in the processing of carbohydrates, protein synthesis and transport of fatty acids in the body.Maintains the balance of the blood, promotes the growth, preservation and repair of tissues in the body.With its lack, the bones become fragile, and the muscles become flaccid, the enamel of the teeth is formed fragile.

Vitamin D is an intermediary between the skeletal system, calcium and phosphorus, helps the baby's body to absorb these minerals.It must be remembered that vitamin D is produced only under the influence of sunlight, so use every opportunity to walk with your baby outside.After all, useful ultraviolet light does not pass through the window glass.

For a baby in the first months of life, the main prevention of rickets is mother's milk and, if the pediatrician has prescribed an additional intake of vitamin D in drops, strictly observe the dosage. موقع الاباحية افلام سكس أفلام الجنس
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